no·bil·ity [nə(ʊ)ˈbɪləti, Am noʊˈbɪlət̬i] SUBST no pl. 1. nobility + Sg / pl Verb (aristocracy). The Austrian nobility (German: österreichischer Adel) is a status group that was officially abolished in after the fall of Austria-Hungary. The nobles are still. Adel ist eine soziale Klasse, die normalerweise unmittelbar unter dem Königshaus steht und in einigen Gesellschaften mit einer formalen Aristokratie anzutreffen ist.
Category:Silesian nobilityThe Austrian nobility (German: österreichischer Adel) is a status group that was officially abolished in after the fall of Austria-Hungary. The nobles are still. Nobility was first and foremost an ideological concept closely connected to power and rule. The Holy Roman emperors ennobled persons who. Pages in category "Silesian nobility". The following 62 pages are in this category, out of 62 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
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The king drew the vast majority, more than 80 per cent, of these officers from the nobility. In other words, the kuge court nobility , warrior and farmer classes should be reviewed separately and comparatively.
See all examples of nobility. Translations of nobility in Chinese Traditional. Need a translator? Translator tool. What is the pronunciation of nobility?
Browse nobbled. Nobel prize. Test your vocabulary with our fun image quizzes. Image credits. Word of the Day floodplain.
Read More. New Words slow map. February 01, To top. He had a certain element of nobility , a concern with art and literature for its own sake.
They work anonymously and there is nobility in what they do. The du Pont family descended from Huguenot nobility in Burgundy, emigrating to the United States in I just tried to infuse it with nobility , because he was after all a king.
The youthful nobility were singled out by Socrates because they, above all others, were both erotic and courageous. He gives a list of the sponsors of the baptized Indians, who included many of the French nobility and clergy.
But all men at times betray themselves, and some betrayals, if scarcely clever, are not without nobility. Please tell us where you read or heard it including the quote, if possible.
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The oldest held continuous noble title in Chinese history was that held by the descendants of Confucius , as Duke Yansheng , which was renamed as the Sacrificial Official to Confucius in by the Republic of China.
The title is held by Kung Tsui-chang. There is also a "Sacrificial Official to Mencius" for a descendant of Mencius , a "Sacrificial Official to Zengzi" for a descendant of Zengzi , and a "Sacrificial Official to Yan Hui" for a descendant of Yan Hui.
The bestowal of titles was abolished upon the establishment of the People's Republic of China in , as part of a larger effort to remove feudal influences and practises from Chinese society.
In some Islamic countries, there are no definite noble titles titles of hereditary rulers being distinct from those of hereditary intermediaries between monarchs and commoners.
Persons who can trace legitimate descent from Muhammad or the clans of Quraysh , as can members of several present or formerly reigning dynasties, are widely regarded as belonging to the ancient, hereditary Islamic nobility.
In some Islamic countries they inherit through mother or father hereditary titles, although without any other associated privilege, e.
Regarded as more religious than the general population, many people turn to them for clarification or guidance in religious matters.
In Iran , historical titles of the nobility including Mirza , Khan , ed-Dowleh and Shahzada "Son of a Shah , are now no longer recognised.
An aristocratic family is now recognised by their family name , often derived from the post held by their ancestors, considering the fact that family names in Iran only appeared in the beginning of the 20th century.
Sultans have been an integral part of Islamic history. During the Ottoman Empire in the Imperial Court and the provinces there were many Ottoman titles and appellations forming a somewhat unusual and complex system in comparison with the other Islamic countries.
The bestowal of noble and aristocratic titles was widespread across the empire even after its fall by independent monarchs. One of the most elaborate examples is that of the Egyptian aristocracy's largest clan, the Abaza family.
Medieval Japan developed a feudal system similar to the European system, where land was held in exchange for military service.
As in Europe, they commanded private armies made up of samurai , an elite warrior class ; for long periods, these held the real power without a real central government , and often plunged the country into a state of civil war.
Feudal title and rank were abolished during the Meiji Restoration in , and was replaced by the kazoku , a five-rank peerage system after the British example, which granted seats in the upper house of the Imperial Diet ; this ended in following Japan's defeat in World War II.
Like other Southeast Asian countries, many regions in the Philippines have indigenous nobility, partially influenced by Hindu, Chinese, and Islamic custom.
Since ancient times, Datu was the common title of a chief or monarch of the many pre-colonial principalities and sovereign dominions throughout the isles; in some areas the term Apo was also used.
These titles are the rough equivalents of European titles, albeit dependent on the actual wealth and prestige of the bearer.
Upon the islands' Christianisation , the datus retained governance of their territories despite annexation to the Spanish Empire.
In a law signed 11 June ,  King Philip II of Spain ordered that the indigenous rulers continue to receive the same honours and privileges accorded them prior their conversion to Catholicism.
On 22 March , King Charles II of Spain confirmed the privileges granted by his predecessors in Title VII, Book VI of the Laws of the Indies  to indigenous nobilities of the Crown colonies, including the Principales of the Philippines, and extended to them and to their descendants the preeminence and honors customarily attributed to the Hidalgos of Castile.
The Laws of the Indies and other pertinent Royal Decrees were enforced in the Philippines and benefited many indigenous nobles. It can be seen very clearly and irrefutably that, during the colonial period, indigenous chiefs were equated with the Spanish Hidalgos , and the most resounding proof of the application of this comparison is the General Military Archive in Segovia , where the qualifications of "Nobility" found in the Service Records are attributed to those Filipinos who were admitted to the Spanish Military Academies and whose ancestors were caciques , encomenderos , notable Tagalogs, chieftains, governors or those who held positions in the municipal administration or government in all different regions of the large islands of the Archipelago, or of the many small islands of which it is composed.
At the Real Academia de la Historia , there is a substantial number of records providing reference to the Philippine Islands, and while most parts correspond to the history of these islands, the Academia did not exclude among its documents the presence of many genealogical records.
The archives of the Academia and its royal stamp recognized the appointments of hundreds of natives of the Philippines who, by virtue of their social position, occupied posts in the administration of the territories and were classified as "nobles".
This aspect of Spanish rule in the Philippines appears much more strongly implemented than in the Americas. Hence in the Philippines, the local nobility, by reason of charge accorded to their social class, acquired greater importance than in the Indies of the New World.
Other honors and high regard were also accorded to the Christianized Datus by the Spanish Empire. For example, the Gobernadorcillos elected leader of the Cabezas de Barangay or the Christianized Datus and Filipino officials of justice received the greatest consideration from the Spanish Crown officials.
The colonial officials were under obligation to show them the honor corresponding to their respective duties.
They were allowed to sit in the houses of the Spanish Provincial Governors, and in any other places. They were not left to remain standing.
It was not permitted for Spanish Parish Priests to treat these Filipino nobles with less consideration.
The Gobernadorcillos exercised the command of the towns. They were Port Captains in coastal towns. They also had the rights and powers to elect assistants and several lieutenants and alguaciles , proportionate in number to the inhabitants of the town.
Many of them accepted the Catholic religion and were his allies from the very beginning. He only demanded from these local rulers vassalage to the Spanish Crown,  replacing the similar overlordship , which previously existed in a few cases, e.
Other independent polities which were not vassals to other States, e. Besides, as stated in the above-mentioned Royal Decree of Charles II, the ancient nobility of the Filipino Principales "is still retained and acknowledged".
Africa has a plethora of ancient lineages in its various constituent nations. Some, such as the numerous sharifian families of North Africa, the Keita dynasty of Mali , the Solomonic dynasty of Ethiopia , the De Souza family of Benin and the Sherbro Tucker clan of Sierra Leone , claim descent from notables from outside of the continent.
Most, such as those composed of the descendants of Shaka and Moshoeshoe of Southern Africa , belong to peoples that have been resident in the continent for millennia.
Generally their royal or noble status is recognized by and derived from the authority of traditional custom. A number of them also enjoy either a constitutional or a statutory recognition of their high social positions.
Ethiopia has a nobility that is almost as old as the country itself. Throughout the history of the Ethiopian Empire most of the titles of nobility have been tribal or military in nature.
However the Ethiopian nobility resembled its European counterparts in some respects; until , when Tewodros II ended the Zemene Mesafint its aristocracy was organised similarly to the feudal system in Europe during the Middle Ages.
Despite its being a Christian monarchy, various Muslim states paid tribute to the emperors of Ethiopia for centuries: including the Adal Sultanate , the Emirate of Harar , and the Awsa sultanate.
Ethiopian nobility were divided into two different categories: Mesafint "prince" , the hereditary nobility that formed the upper echelon of the ruling class; and the Mekwanin "governor" who were appointed nobles, often of humble birth, who formed the bulk of the nobility cf.
In Ethiopia there were titles of nobility among the Mesafint borne by those at the apex of medieval Ethiopian society. The highest royal title after that of emperor was Negus "king" which was held by hereditary governors of the provinces of Begemder , Shewa , Gojjam , and Wollo.
The next highest seven titles were Ras , Dejazmach , Fit'awrari , Grazmach , Qenyazmach , Azmach and Balambaras. The title of Le'ul Ras was accorded to the heads of various noble families and cadet branches of the Solomonic dynasty , such as the princes of Gojjam, Tigray, and Selalle.
The heirs of the Le'ul Rases were titled Le'ul Dejazmach , indicative of the higher status they enjoyed relative to Dejazmaches who were not of the blood imperial.
There were various hereditary titles in Ethiopia: including that of Jantirar , reserved for males of the family of Empress Menen Asfaw who ruled over the mountain fortress of Ambassel in Wollo; Wagshum , a title created for the descendants of the deposed Zagwe dynasty ; and Shum Agame , held by the descendants of Dejazmach Sabagadis , who ruled over the Agame district of Tigray.
The vast majority of titles borne by nobles were not, however, hereditary. To do so they were generally obliged to abandon their faith and some are believed to have feigned conversion to Christianity for the sake of acceptance by the old Christian aristocratic families.
One such family, the Wara Seh more commonly called the "Yejju dynasty" converted to Christianity and eventually wielded power for over a century, ruling with the sanction of the Solomonic emperors.
The last such Muslim noble to join the ranks of Ethiopian society was Mikael of Wollo who converted, was made Negus of Wollo, and later King of Zion, and even married into the Imperial family.
He lived to see his son, Iyasu V , inherit the throne in —only to be deposed in because of his conversion to Islam. The nobility in Madagascar are known as the Andriana.
In much of Madagascar, before French colonization of the island, the Malagasy people were organised into a rigid social caste system, within which the Andriana exercised both spiritual and political leadership.
The word "Andriana" has been used to denote nobility in various ethnicities in Madagascar: including the Merina , the Betsileo , the Betsimisaraka , the Tsimihety , the Bezanozano , the Antambahoaka and the Antemoro.
The word Andriana has often formed part of the names of Malagasy kings, princes and nobles. Linguistic evidence suggests that the origin of the title Andriana is traceable back to an ancient Javanese title of nobility.
Before the colonization by France in the s, the Andriana held various privileges, including land ownership, preferment for senior government posts, free labor from members of lower classes, the right to have their tombs constructed within town limits, etc.
The Andriana rarely married outside their caste: a high-ranking woman who married a lower-ranking man took on her husband's lower rank, but a high-ranking man marrying a woman of lower rank did not forfeit his status, although his children could not inherit his rank or property cf.
In , the Council of Kings and Princes of Madagascar endorsed the revival of a Christian Andriana monarchy that would blend modernity and tradition.
Contemporary Nigeria has a class of traditional notables which is led by its reigning monarchs, the Nigerian traditional rulers. Though their functions are largely ceremonial, the titles of the country's noblemen and women are often centuries old and are usually vested in the membership of historically prominent families in the various subnational kingdoms of the country.
Membership of initiatory societies that have inalienable functions within the kingdoms is also a common feature of Nigerian nobility, particularly among the southern tribes, where such figures as the Ogboni of the Yoruba , the Nze na Ozo of the Igbo and the Ekpe of the Efik are some of the most famous examples.
Although many of their traditional functions have become dormant due to the advent of modern governance, their members retain precedence of a traditional nature and are especially prominent during festivals.
Outside of this, many of the traditional nobles of Nigeria continue to serve as privy counsellors and viceroys in the service of their traditional sovereigns in a symbolic continuation of the way that their titled ancestors and predecessors did during the pre-colonial and colonial periods.
Many of them are also members of the country's political elite due to their not being covered by the prohibition from involvement in politics that governs the activities of the traditional rulers.
Holding a chieftaincy title, either of the traditional variety which involves taking part in ritual re-enactments of your title's history during annual festivals, roughly akin to a British peerage or the honorary variety which does not involve the said re-enactments, roughly akin to a knighthood , grants an individual the right to use the word "chief" as a pre-nominal honorific while in Nigeria.nobility The nobility possessed large estates which formed an important source of employment. From the Cambridge English Corpus The heroic sacrice of the missionary spirit, in the face of this seemingly intractable reality, was true nobility. 28 synonyms of nobility from the Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, plus 40 related words, definitions, and antonyms. Find another word for nobility. Nobility: impressiveness of beauty on a large scale. Set years in the future, it is about the C.A.S. Nobility, Humanity's most powerful starship with a crew, that's, well, anything but noble. A class of persons distinguished by high birth or rank and in Great Britain including dukes and duchesses, marquises and marchionesses, earls and countesses, viscounts and viscountesses, and barons and baronesses: "The old English nobility of office made way for the Norman nobility of faith and landed wealth" (Winston S. Churchill). 2. noun, plural no·bil·i·ties. the noble class or the body of nobles in a country. (in Britain) the peerage. the state or quality of being noble. Ara Eris James Kyson Blue Green Grey New Pink White. Usage explanations of natural written and spoken English. Eugenia Pikeman Doug Jones